Hate crimes under-reported in Canada, say anti-racism advocates - New Canadian Media
CEO of Burnaby-based Spice Radio, Shushma Datt (left), and Vancouver-based lawyer, Steven Ngo (right), are both working on anti-racism initiatives. (Photos supplied)

Hate crimes under-reported in Canada, say anti-racism advocates

Even as Statistics Canada reports that hate crimes are soaring in the country, anti-racism advocates say the numbers don’t tell the whole story.

While on his way to the park last April, at the “height of the pandemic,” Steven Ngo had stopped at a traffic light near his Vancouver home when passengers in a car that had pulled alongside threw garbage and hurled racial insults at him.

“It was a traumatic experience, but what happened next was even more troubling,” the Vancouver-based lawyer told New Canadian Media.

“I could not get anyone at the Vancouver Police Department (VPD) to take a report, and they had only one online form to report such incidents, and it was in Chinese.”

Ngo then worked to develop forms in multiple languages that are now on the VPD’s website to make reporting of hate crimes easier.

He is currently documenting his experience and findings to recommend tech solutions for easier reporting of hate crimes that will be delivered to the BC Humans Rights Commissioners office later the month.

“We must make reporting hate crimes as accessible as possible. There are thousands of cases that are not reported and that’s because it is nearly impossible to report a hate crime,” Ngo says.

“The status quo doesn’t work anymore. We cannot force victims to call a phone line that no one picks up…Vancouver has an online hate crime reporting system in place, but cities like Richmond, Burnaby and Surrey require residents to call a non-emergency phone line.”

But those numbers “don’t tell the whole story,” Ngo says while commenting on a  new report by Statistics Canada showing that in the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic, police reported 2,669 hate crimes in Canada, up 37 per cent from 2019.

The report found that while the number of hate crimes rose sharply in 2020, this may still represent an underestimation. 

“Self-reported data show that the majority of criminal incidents perceived to be motivated by hate are not reported to police. Approximately one in five (22%) of these incidents were reported to the police,” report’s authors said.

Statistics Canada said the rate of hate crime was highest in British Columbia (10.1 incidents per 100,000 population), Ontario (7.9 incidents per 100,000 population) and Alberta (6.6 incidents per 100,000 population).

Other key findings

  • Between 2019 and 2020, the number of police-reported crimes motivated by hatred of a race or ethnicity increased 80%, from 884 to 1,594. Much of this increase was a result of more police-reported hate crimes targeting the Black population (+318 incidents), East or Southeast Asian population (+202 incidents), the Indigenous population (+44 incidents) and the South Asian population (+38 incidents).
  •  Police-reported hate crimes targeting religion declined 16% from 613 incidents in 2019 to 515 incidents in 2020. This decrease was primarily due to fewer hate crimes targeting the Muslim population, which declined from 182 to 82 incidents in 2020 (-55%). Hate crimes against the Jewish population rose slightly in 2020, from 306 to 321 incidents (+5%).
  • Hate crimes targeting the Black and Jewish populations remained the most common types of hate crimes reported by police, representing 26% and 13% of all hate crimes, respectively. These were followed by hate crimes targeting the East or Southeast Asian population (11%) and those targeting a sexual orientation (10%).
  • Analysis of all police-reported hate crimes between 2011 and 2020 shows that victims of violent hate crimes committed on the basis of their perceived Indigenous identity or sexual orientation tended to be the youngest among hate crime victims and sustain the highest proportion of injury.

Spike in hate crimes

Gurpreet Singh, a South Asian radio broadcaster and journalist, agreed that the number of hate crimes is higher than the reported numbers released today.

“Everyone, especially the police need to do more to raise awareness of this issue which has tarnished Canada’s reputation of being a tolerant society,” he told NCM.

Together with the CEO of Burnaby-based Spice Radio, Shushma Datt, they are staging the annual Hands Against Racism campaign tomorrow.

“The recent reports suggesting spike in hate crimes during the pandemic has made the Spice Radio campaign against racism even more relevant,” he said.

The campaign includes on air conversations every year on racism from Jan. 15 to March 21, which is the international day for the elimination of racial discrimination. The campaign was started in 2015 on the birth anniversary of Martin Luther King Jr.

The 2022 Hands Against Racism event can be watched live online at noon on March 19 on the Spice Radio Facebook page.  

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A multiple-award winning journalist, Fabian Dawson is an internationally acclaimed author, filmmaker and media expert. His work over the last four decades spans the globe and he also serves as a consultant/strategic advisor to a variety of international companies. As deputy editor-in-chief of The Province, part of the Postmedia chain, Dawson led initiatives within a special publications group to provide directed content for a variety of organisations. He was named the 2019 recipient of the Bruce Hutchison Lifetime Achievement Award at Jack Webster Awards. Dawson has been invited by the governments of India, Malaysia, Taiwan, China, Hong Kong and the United States to act as a media observer/advisor on a variety of Asian-Canada issues. Dawson, now operates FD Media, which specializes in harnessing editorial assets to revenue generating opportunities.


  1. Canada is the most welcoming and tolerate country in the world – or, at least, one of the most welcoming and tolerant countries – when it comes to racial and religious minorities and LGBTQ folks.

    This idea that Canada is some kind of bastion of hate crimes and there is this mountain of hate crimes that are going unreported is complete and utter balderdash.

    I am Metis. My wife is Chinese-Canadian. Our daughters are Eurasian Metis. And our grand-daughter who lives with us is a Black Eurasian Metis Acadian.

    In my more than half a century of being on this planet, neither I nor the other members of my family have ever been victims of a racially-motivated hate crime. It’s just not a thing.

    In fact, the closest I ever came to a racially-motivated hate crime was when a First Nations man, thinking I was Caucasian, walked up to me at the end of a night us drinking at a bar and commanded me, “Buy me a drink, White Man!”

    I laughed in his face, told him he could buy me a drink instead, and walked away.

    It’s time we as a nation lightened up a bit on so-called racially-based hate crimes. People act like jerks sometimes. They yell insults. I’ve been ridiculed because I’m tall. I’ve been mocked because I have big feet. But I have never, ever been denied a job or an educational opportunity or housing or been beaten up because of my race. No-one in my family has.

    Canada is a great country. Canadians deserve to be proud in their tolerance of racial minorities.

    • Sir,

      In a lot of respects, you’re right – Canada is a welcoming country, and even in these stressful times, we can count ourselves lucky for living here as opposed to many other nations.

      That being said, it would be a mistake to dismiss or even downplay the historical, entrenched and current discrimination suffered by various ethnic, linguistic, and racial minorities who have sought to make Canada their home. In the extreme, yes, this includes hate crimes.

      Injustices towards Canada’s indigenous peoples alone, too innumerable to mention here, require all Canadians of all backgrounds to seriously pause. Whether state-directed or the misdeeds of individuals/groups, “lightening up” would be akin to putting your head in the sand. Not an option.

      We have the horror of residential schools and the 60s Scoop, but also the Chinese Head Tax, internment of Japanese-Canadians during WWII, the Komagata Maru incident, and other significant historical events where Canada didn’t shine in its dealings with various minorities.

      I applaud your good fortune and that of your loved ones being spared from hate crimes or other serious forms of systemic and non-systemic discrimination. However, please don’t demean the experiences of others who have not been as lucky as you.

  2. I live in South Parkdale, a highly diverse area in Toronto. Every day I am witness to racial intolerance towards people of colour. The unfortunate thing is that the “haters” are often wearing the uniform of the Metro Toronto Police force.

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